Electrolysis Hair Removal
Electrolysis is a method of permanent hair removal that involves the use of an electric current to destroy hair follicles. There are three primary methods of electrolysis, and all are typically practiced by Certified Professional Electrologists:
Galvanic Electrolysis [is a chemical process]: Galvanic electrolysis is one of the oldest and most well-established methods. It uses a direct current to create a chemical reaction that converts water and salt in the hair follicle into lye (sodium hydroxide). Lye, in turn, destroys the hair follicle. Galvanic electrolysis is generally considered effective but can be slower and may require a longer treatment time. The sensation during treatment is often described as a mild chemical reaction, and topical anesthetics are commonly used to minimize discomfort. Widely used in the multiple needle galvanic electrolysis, utilizing up to 16 needles simultaneously.
Thermolysis (Shortwave or High-Frequency Electrolysis): In thermolysis, a high-frequency alternating current generates heat in the hair follicle, which destroys the follicle. Thermolysis is faster than galvanic electrolysis and is often preferred for smaller areas or when quick results are desired. The sensation during thermolysis is often a brief heat or pinprick feeling, and some individuals may use topical anesthetics to alleviate any discomfort, though it's typically less uncomfortable than galvanic.
Blend Electrolysis: Blend electrolysis combines both the galvanic and thermolysis methods. It uses a low-level direct current (galvanic) to create lye and also generates heat (thermolysis) to destroy the follicle. Blend electrolysis is often considered a versatile and effective method, combining the benefits of both galvanic and thermolysis. The discomfort level varies from person to person, but some individuals may use topical anesthetics for enhanced comfort.
The choice of which electrolysis method to use depends on factors such as the client's hair and skin type, the location of the treatment area, and the practitioner's preference and expertise. Some clients may prefer a specific method based on their pain tolerance and treatment goals.
As for the use of topical anesthetics, it's relatively common for clients to use them to minimize discomfort during electrolysis treatments, especially for sensitive areas or longer sessions. However, the use of topical anesthetics is not always necessary, as some individuals tolerate the discomfort associated with electrolysis well. The decision to use a topical anesthetic is typically made by the client in consultation with their Certified Professional Electrologist. The choice of anesthetic and its application method will also depend on the individual's preferences and the practitioner's recommendations.
It's important to consult with a Certified Professional Electrologist to determine the most suitable method and any pain management options for your specific needs and comfort level.
Here is a list of devices and probes usually used.